The reaction, for example, by the natives of Bikini to resettlement away from their radiation-polluted home island is Geography facts about oceania course poignantly interesting and of some relevance to international politics; but study of this situation would have had little value for social science if its procedures had not provided possibilities for testing social science methods and making innovations in these methods and if its findings were not widely applicable Mason At one extreme were numerous societies having no collective-action groups larger than localized extended families.
In the interwar period more and more professionally trained social scientists went to Oceania to carry out sociologically and psychologically oriented research, and after World War II the influx reached flood proportions and is not now visibly diminishing.
Mining, manufacturing and tourism are the main economic sectors of the region. A Study of Leadership. Aboriginal paintings date back more than 60, years and this art form is still practised by indigenous people in Australia.
Some of these rituals included extreme forms of body mutilation e. London and New York: Variations in household composition were wide, as were variations in collective activity, in kinds and amounts of goods owned corporately, in symbols of unity, etc.
Koala bear with baby A large variety of birds also live in Oceania such as the Australian kookaburra or the colourful kingfishers and birds-of-paradise. The most diverse landscape is in Australia and New Zealand due to its varied climatic regions.
In some places finely textured mats and barkcloths circulated as highly valued objects in networks of redistribution and intergroup exchange.
The first European visitors found coconut palms growing on nearly every inhabited island except Easter Island, New Zealand, and Chatham Island. These ceremonials served to express and reinforce community integration and political status.
There are six cities in Oceania with a population of more than 1 million inhabitants: Some settlements were surrounded by stockades; others lacked defensive constructions despite their involvement in periodic warfare.
The tropical island regions are home to dense forests with coconut palms and mangroves growing nearer the shorelines. These are some of the wettest places in the world where there is six times more rainfall than in England.
In Australia, the largest country of the continent, there are many marsupials. Still other alternatives have been recorded for other societies, e. Melanesia Melanesia from Greek "black islands" is a region extending from the west Pacific to the Arafura Sea, north and north-east of Australia. In New Zealand, however, the climate ranges from subtropical in the north to temperate in the south, with snowfall in the higher regions of the southern island.
The remaining islands of Oceania are much smaller, more dispersed, and consist of just three basic landforms: Two other fairly characteristic—but of course not distinctive—features of island life had to do with membership in the family group.
For the social scientist these contrary views are not without relevance: Plants were the source of nearly all the cordage and textiles made in island Oceania; loom weaving was restricted to the Marianas and West Carolines, but hand plaiting developed in some places to the level of a fine art.
Partly because of its geographical isolation from neighbouring countries, and partly because of the number and location of numerous uninhabited islands belonging to it, New Zealand's Exclusive economic zone of marine resources was the world's fifth largest, at 4.
Of the main cities, Christchurch is the driest, receiving only some millimetres of rain per year. On the other hand, the size and degree of integration of such political units varied widely.
This view has been sharply challenged, both on linguistic and culture-historical grounds. Lloyd A Black Civilization: The other feature of widespread occurrence was the facility and the popularity of adoption, especially practiced in the eastern parts of the region.
The name Oceania is used, rather than Australia, because unlike the other continental groupings, it is the ocean rather than the continent that links the nations together. Bateson, Gregory Naven: Nonhereditary succession to political office characterized large portions of Melanesia.
Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.National Geographic's latest stories about oceans.
Comprising less than 5% of the world's population, indigenous people protect 80% of global. Geography. Australasia, also called Oceania or Australasia/Oceania, is the World’s smallest continent – 8, km² covering approximately % of the Earth’s land and % of the Earth’s surface.
It is situated partly in the Pacific ocean, bordered by the Indian Ocean to.
Unique Facts- Oceania. Geography. Australia is the only country that is considered a country Australia is the smallest continent but the world’s seventh largest country The name Australia comes from the Latin term australis, meaning southern Some of the countries included in Oceania are Australia, New Zealand, Tuvalu, Samoa, Tonga, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji, Palau, Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, Kiribati, and Nauru.
Oceania also includes several dependencies and territories such as American Samoa, Johnston Atoll, and French Polynesia. Adventure through our list of interesting Australia and Oceania facts to learn about its cultural geography, contemporary issues, and stunning landscapes.
54 rows · Oceania’s physical geography, environment and resources, and human .Download